Author Topic: Kathmandu-all over the nepal and near by places  (Read 8648 times)

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Kathmandu-all over the nepal and near by places
« on: February 21, 2007, 02:24:59 AM »


 


Kathmandu is the arrival point for most of the visitors in Nepal. This small mountain sheltered valley is the historic center and the Capital of Nepal. This is the place where kingdoms rose and fell, palaces and temples are built and rebuilt, art and cultures are refined and protected. Kathmandu city is the largest in Nepal and is surrounded by green hills all over. Scattered around the valley are hundreds of temples and shrines, traditional villages and agriculture scenes of timeless beauty. You can see all these places by taxi, cycle, bus and by foot

                     
                                       Kathmandu Durbar Square

History
The Newars are regarded as the original inhabitants of this majestic valley, but their origins are shrouded in mystery. They speak Newari language and their physical features range from distinctively Mongoloid. Kathmandu Valley has long been a cultural and racial melting pot with people coming from both east and west. This fusion has resulted in the unique Newari culture that is responsible for the valley's superb art and architecture. Kathmandu was once run and ruled by Malla Kings during 1600s and 1700s. The unification of Nepal in 1768 by Gorkhas King Prithivi Narayan Shah singled the end of the Kathmandu Valleys fragmentation. Nepali language spoken by the Khas of western Nepal, replaced Newari as the country's language of administration.

Geography
Surrounded by the green hills, Kathmandu Valley is about 25 km from east to west and 20km from north to south. It lies at the height of 1300m. You can see Kathmandu Valley clearly while you are fly in. This valley is specially known for growing rice corn, wheat and vegetables. However, nowadays this valley is increasingly dependent on imported food and fuels. All the rivers drain towards the center of the valley and join the Bagmati river. Geologist have confirmed ancient myths that claim the valley once lay under water.

Climate
The Kathmandu Valley has the pleasant climate most of the year. Although there are forests, snow is unheard of and the monsoons are nowhere near. Between October and March it can become quite cold at night and the days become short, although its sunny and warm between mid-morning and afternoon. In April things start to heat up and there are often storm in the afternoon.

People
Still today, Newars form the largest single group in the valley as well as in smaller towns and villages. Bahuns, Tamangs and Chettris live on the surrounding hills. People living in Kathmandu Valley are mostly Hindus and Buddhist and they are very much related to each others religion. People living here speak Newari and Nepali mostly.

Religion
In Kathmandu Valley majority of people are Hindu and fall under a caste system, although there are still second majority of Buddhists. This valley is full of temples, shrines and stupas where both Buddhists and Hindus go for their regular praying. Nepal is the only country where people worship Gods of all religion.


Temples and Palaces in Kathmandu
In Durbar Square



 
Kasthamandap:--House of wood which gave Kathmandu its name.
Ashok Binayak:--  One of the four most important Ganesh Shrine    
Shiva Temple:-- Near the kasthamandap    
Maju Deval:--Temple known as shiva lingam    
Narayan Temple:--Identified as temple of Vishnu
Shiva-Parvati :-- Images Shiva & Parvati look out from the window
Kumari Bahal :--  House of the Living Goddess
Gaddi Baithak :--European style building built during the Rana period
Bhagwati Temple :--Triple roofed temple next to the Gaddi Baithak   
Great Bell :-- To drive off evil spirits   
Stone Vishnu Temple :--Next to the bell is a small stone statue   
Saraswati Temple :--Temple of the Goddess of knowledge   
Krishna Temple :-- Lord Krishna's temple and two goddesses
King Pratap Mallas Column:--Huge platform with stone pillars    
Sweta Bhairab :--Can be seen only during the Indra Jatra
Jagannath Temple:--Built during 1563    
Kal Bhairab:--Image of Black Bhairab with six arms    
Indrapur Temple:--Temple of great antiquity    
Vishnu Temple:--Tripled roofed temple stands on a four-level base    
Kakeshwar Temple:--Temple built in 1681 with Indian shikhara style    
Stone Inscription:--Stone inscription written in 15 different languages    
Kotilingeshwar Temple:--A square structure topped by a dome    
Mahavishnu Temple :--Golden spire on the roof, topped by a golden umbrella   
Mahendreswar Temple:--Temple restored in 1963 and is dedicated to Shiva    
Taleju Temple:-- The squares most magnificent temple

 
« Last Edit: March 07, 2008, 04:34:26 AM by AnGeL »
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Offline ангел

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #1 on: February 21, 2007, 02:44:30 AM »
Hanumandhoka
Hanumans statue marks the entrance or dhoka to
Kathmandus old Royal Palace and has given the palace its name. The place was originally founded during Licchavi period , but as it stands today of it was constructed by King Pratap Malla and his Queen.


Nasal Chowk
Nasal Chowk means dancing one and the courtyard takes its name from a small figure of dancing Shiva. Inside the nasal chowk, there is a large statue of Narshigha, The Kabindrapur Temple, Pancha Mukhi Hanuman Temple, Basantapur Tower, Mul Chowk, Degutaleju Temple, Mohan Chowk and Rana museum.

Nara Devi Temple....   Temple which gave the street its name
Ganesh Shrine.....                   Brass Ganesh Shrine in Indrachowk
Shiva Temple    ....                Smaller version of Patan Krishna Mandir
Sweta Macchendra Temple...      Temple attracts both Hindus and Buddhists
Lunchun Lunbun Ajima....   `    Tantric Temple
Krishna Temple..             Temple jammed between buildings in Ason Tole
Annapurna Temple   Dedicated to the goddess of abundance
Ugratara Temple             A prayer at the shrine said to work wonders for the eyes
Ikha Narayan Temple   Temple with four armed Vishnu figure
Kathesimbhu Stupa   South of Thahiti Tole
Jaisi Deval Temple   Shiva Temple, as shown by the bull on the first few steps
Ram Chandra Mandir   This temple is notable for the tiny erotic scenes on its roof
Adko Narayan Temple   One of the four most popular Vishnu Temple
Kalmochan Temple   On the side of Bagmati River, known as kalmochan Temple
Tripureshwar Mahadev   Along the footpath of Tripureshwar
Tindeval Temple              It is recognized by its three shikaras
Pachali Bhairab               The image of Pachali surrounded by tridents
Nava Durga Temple   A small two storey pagoda
Mahankala Temple   The Temple of Great Death


Pashupati Nath
Pashupatinath Temple is is one of the most important and world renowned Hindu temple stand on the banks of Bagmati River , between the airport and Bodhnath. This Shiva temple on the subcontinent draws numerous devotees, sadhus and holy men from all around the world. Lord Shiva is known as the destroyer and creator of the Hindu religion and appears on many forms. Although Shiva is often bloodthirsty god, no animal sacrifices are made here. Outside the temple you will see numerous people selling flowers, incense and other offering materials. In-front of the temple there is a bull known as Nandi facing towards the temple. Only Hindus are allowed to enter the temple and you are not allowed to take photographs of the Lord shiva inside the temple. Bagmati River Bank on the side of Pashupati, is also a popular place for cremation. Normally you see visitors taking videos and photographs around this place. Just beside this temple lies Guheyeshwari temple where you will seen Hindus removing their shoes before entering.


Bodhnath
Just north of the airport and an interesting walk from Pashupati, is the huge stupa of Bodhnath and is one of the largest stupa in the world. This place is mostly surrounded by Tibetan Buddhists. Prayer services are held in the surrounding gompas and as the sun goes down the community turns out to walk around the stupa. You should always circle around the stupa in a clockwise direction. While entering the surrounding gompas, do not forget to remove your shoes and get permission before taking photos. Make sure that you do not step over the monks cushions. Enter quietly and stand by the main entrance during the ceremonies. These gompas are decorated with impressive mural paintings and thankas. The wheel of life is represented in the porch of every gompa. Listed here are the name of the gompas surrounding Bodhnath.

Sakyapa Gompa
Chinya-Lama Gompa
Nyingmapa Gompa
Kargyupa Gompa
Gelugpa Gompa


Swayambhunath Temple
Swayambhunath the Buddhist temple is situated on the top of a hill west of the city, is one of the popular and instantly recognizable symbols of Nepal. The temple is also known as the monkey temple after the large tribe of monkeys which guards the hill. Although you can get to the temple by vehicle, and save yourself is by far the best way of approaching Swayambhunath. This huge stupa is surrounded by other famous temples and gompas. The great thunderbolt which is known as vajra is on the edge of the stupa was built during the Malla kings period. On the top of the stupa is a gold-colored square block from which the watchful eyes of the Buddha gaze out across the valley in each direction. The question mark-like nose is actually the Nepali number ek or one is a symbol of unity.



« Last Edit: March 10, 2007, 06:12:31 AM by Fuchee »
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Offline postman

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #2 on: February 25, 2007, 08:19:48 AM »
saathi thik cha tara yo bhnada bahek arko sight seeing pani deu na i.e.godawari nagarkot site,nagarjun etc hoena ta ta?yo khali historical matra dekeeyo..
उही मान न मान मे तेरा मेहेमान तपाईहरुको postman

Offline ангел

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #3 on: March 09, 2007, 05:49:45 AM »
NAGARKOT
 Nagarkot is the place where once Manjushree Bodhisatto stood and watched the lake in the Kathmandu Valley. Nagarkot is at the eastern periphery of the Kathmandu Valley. The hilltop called Nagarkot at more than 2,000 meters above the sea level is the second highest peak in the Kathmandu Valley. After an hour long exciting and winding drive you will be above to feel the cool breeze of air blowing endlessly into your face, and see the widest range of Himalayas including Mount Everest with our bare eyes from here. It is also one of the best spots to visit for unmatched sunrise and sunset views.And if awesome view is your first preference to visit Nagarkot,then, Peaceful cottage and cafe dumont ,nagarkot ought to be your first port of residence.





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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #4 on: March 09, 2007, 06:27:58 AM »
nice post daami chha daami

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #5 on: March 09, 2007, 07:34:41 AM »
wow dmai thau cha nagarkot

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #6 on: March 09, 2007, 07:52:36 AM »
 :scout_en: very informative topic

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #7 on: March 10, 2007, 05:49:39 AM »
Panauti

This delightful small town (pop. 23,000) near Banepa remains relatively untouched by the changes taking place elsewhere in the Banepa Valley. Large and prestigious temples are the only reminders of past glories when Panauti enjoyed a prime position on two trade routes and even boasted a palace. Situated at the confluence of the Rivers Rosi and Punyamati, the town occupies a sacred site. A third river, called Lilamati, visible only to the wise, is said to flow into the others from the Gorakhnath Shrine on the hill above the town.






Indreshwor temple

The triple-roofed Shiva Temple was originally built over a lingam in 1294, making it the oldest surviving temple in Nepal. Kathmandu's Kasthamandapa is actually older, but did not start out as a shrine. The mandir - modeled on the Pashupatinath Temple - took on its present appearance in the 15th c., though the third story is of later date. The roof struts embellishing the two lower stories are acknowledged masterpieces of Nepalese wood-carving. Shiva is represented in various forms, and there are some small erotic scenes. The slender, perfectly proportioned figures, portrayed as in a dance, are extraordinarily graceful. The upper section of the temple is hung with pots and pans, offerings from young married couples hoping for a happy family life. The 1988 earthquake caused considerable damage and the building is still awaiting restoration by foreign experts

« Last Edit: March 10, 2007, 05:51:46 AM by Fuchee »
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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #8 on: March 10, 2007, 06:19:02 AM »
Rani Pokhari
            The Rani Pokhari or Queen's Bath was constructed by Pratapa Malla in 1670 at the junction of Bazaar Street with the boundary of old Kathmandu. Water brought from 51 sacred sources was used to consecrate the tank. On the south side the founder himself, riding on an elephant, is immortalized. A 19th c. shrine to Shiva graces the stepped platform in the center of the tank, the original temple having been demolished at the time of Jung Bahadur Rana. East and west of the Rani Pokhari stand more buildings dating from the Rana period, now in educational use.
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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #9 on: March 10, 2007, 06:35:08 AM »
Bhaktapur   
           Bhaktapur Durbar Square is located in the center of Bhaktapur. The Square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the Valley as it highlights some of the finest medieval arts of Nepal. The main items of interest in Bhaktapur Durbar Square are the Lion Gate, the Golden Gate and the statues of kings on stone monoliths. The Golden Gate was erected by King Ranjit Malla as the entrance to the main courtyard of the Fifty-five Windowed Palace.

The Palace of Fifty-five Windows was built during the reign of King Yakshya Malla in A.D. 1427 and was remodelled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeeth century. The art gallery of Bhaktapur Durbar Square contains ancient paintings belonging to the Hindu and Buddhist traditions of various periods. This gallery is open everyday except Tuesday.




Some important monuments to see in this area are:


Golden Gate
: This is the main entrance to the famous 55-window palace, built by Ranjit Malla in 7 th century A.D.

Nyatapola: This is the most famous pagoda of Nepal, which was built in 1702A.D. by Bhupatendra Malla. This temple was dedicated to Siddhi-Laxmi, the tantric mother goddess of supreme power. Nyatapola in Newari means a five tiered symbolizing five basic elements - water, earth, fire, wind and sky.

55 window palac: This is the main structure of the entire Durbar Square, which is a magnificient edifice built by Yakshya Malla and renovated by Bhupatendra Malla.

Pashupati Temple
: According to a folklore, a Bhaktapur King who was a great devotee of Lord Pashupati, had a dream in which Lord Shiva told him to build a temple for him so that he could move into it. He obeyed this command and thus the temple came into existence.
« Last Edit: March 10, 2007, 06:40:06 AM by Fuchee »
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Offline शेर्पा

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #10 on: March 12, 2007, 08:45:31 AM »
thanks for updating!!!!!!! great work

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #11 on: March 13, 2007, 06:10:08 AM »
Thank you sherpa Dai .... :bow:
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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #12 on: March 13, 2007, 06:46:45 AM »
you well come but give your full time on you study

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #13 on: March 13, 2007, 07:44:42 PM »
great work ng ekdin sure ghumna janchu ng sanga tyo thau harumaa taa

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Re: PlAcE To SeE iN KaTHmanDU
« Reply #14 on: April 09, 2007, 02:22:13 PM »
thanks u Fuchhe 4 that hehehe
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