Author Topic: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language  (Read 5132 times)

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Offline haku Black

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NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« on: February 11, 2007, 06:15:58 PM »
 The Newars have their own language Nepalbhasa. It is a Sino-Tibetan language. It is believed that there are about five hundred Sino-Tibetan Languages in the world. Among them Nepalbhasa is the oldest of this language group in South Asia. Also it is forth in Sino-Tibetan languages which have old literature extant. First, second and third being Chinese, Tibetan and Burmese respectively.

Literature Extant
Many Nepalbhasa words are found in Lichhivi inscriptions. As it had been popular as public language in early Malla period (9th Century), Nepalbhasa writing had started at the very time. In the manuscript of 'Nidan' (901 A.D.) , the date has been written in Nepalbhasa- (Kwoyeya pwalam mikhaya pwalam sambat nepalaya thuli). The concluding line (Sidhayeka juro) is in Nepalbhasa, in 'Tathagat Guhyak' manuscript (1104 A.D.). In Guthi paper (1114 A.D.) found in Rudrabarna Mahabihar, a long description has written in Nepalbhasa. In this way, from the very beginning of 12th century, Nepalbhasa was used as independent expression language. Stone inscription found in the courtyard of Bajrayogini Temple of Sankhu (dated 1173 A.D.) is the oldest ever found stone inscription and copper inscription found in Kasthamandap (dated 1374 A.D.) is the oldest ever found copper inscription in Nepalbhasa.

The oldest book (manuscript) in Nepalbhasa found till now is 'Haramekhala' (1374 A.D.), a medical book, which is Nepalbhasa translation of book written in Prakrit language, by Bengal Poet 'Madhuk'. Other found books of that period are Nyayashastra (1380 A.D.) , Putrapautradibodhini (1381 A.D.), Amarkosh (1386 A.D.) etc. Gopalraj Banshawali (a chronicle) is the first original Nepalbhasa book, of which first sixteen page has been lost, from 17 to 30 (A), it has been written in Sanskrit language and from 30(B) to 63 in Nepalbhasa.

Dashaphala (1399A.D.), Bhasajyotis (1422 A.D.), Sumatikarana (1512 A.D.) and others can be mentioned in astrological book written in Nepalbhasa. 'Dashakarma Paddati' (1498 A.D.) is the oldest book on rituals written in Nepalbhasa. After 'Bhagwat Puran' (1505 A.D.), creative literature in Nepalbhasa starts from 'Tantrakhyan' (1518 A.D.).

Creative literature at a glance
First Story Book - Tantrakhyan (1518 A.D.)
First Song - Walangata Simule Swambaraya (In reign of Pranmol malla, 1523-1550 A.D.)
First One-act Play - Ekadashi Brata (1633A.D.) by Sidhhinarasigh Malla
First Drama - Mooldev Shashidev by Jagat Prakash Malla (1645-1673 A.D.)


Offline ...emi

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #1 on: March 16, 2007, 10:27:48 PM »
dai tapai newar ho ?

Offline haku Black

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #2 on: March 17, 2007, 08:19:05 AM »
ji chai newa khaa

Offline ...emi

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #3 on: March 19, 2007, 09:50:01 PM »
haha .. dhate kha la

Offline haku Black

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #4 on: March 26, 2007, 12:50:00 PM »
kha dhachee kha chaya biswas maru la

Offline ...emi

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #5 on: March 26, 2007, 09:22:10 PM »
a jula ka

Offline haku Black

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #6 on: March 27, 2007, 06:39:48 PM »
ale changu chee gana le thana ktm kay

Offline ...emi

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #7 on: March 28, 2007, 06:01:40 PM »
chu dhau tho (chee)?

Offline **dArK_bO!**

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #8 on: April 09, 2007, 02:31:44 PM »
nepali ma translation chaine  newari ko  tyo chai  dammi  huntheyo hola
'Cause noth!n' lasts forever,And we both know hearts can change,And !t's hard to hold a candle,In the cold November ra!n

Offline SOAD

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #9 on: May 19, 2007, 06:01:10 PM »
lauu na ni..mero ta eeuta Newar sathi bhaye pani tyeslai nai aaundaina baee.natra maile pani newari sikisakeko hunthiye hola!

Offline ...emi

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #10 on: May 19, 2007, 06:20:01 PM »
tyahi ta hai kasto k ko ho ni tyasto newar bolna ni na aune sathi lol

Offline yaLch!!

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #11 on: May 20, 2007, 04:52:03 AM »
ji cahanta matina du

Offline ...emi

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #12 on: May 22, 2007, 09:42:22 PM »
alik padhna sajilo hune garera lekha na :beg :mare:

Offline yaLch!!

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #13 on: May 23, 2007, 02:29:35 PM »
maile lekheko k ho ra?? malai naai tha bhayena

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Re: NepalBhasa- The Newar Language
« Reply #14 on: May 31, 2007, 05:37:00 PM »
 :mare: :mare: ho ra dai maile ni bujna bujcha sabai tara reply garna garo lagcha newari ma

 


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