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Offline ангел

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World moves to contain flu spread
« on: April 27, 2009, 06:33:53 PM »
Governments around the world are hurrying to contain the spread of a new swine flu virus after outbreaks were reported in Mexico, the US and Canada.

At least 100 people are now suspected to have died of the disease in Mexico.

In Europe, health ministers called for an urgent meeting as one case of swine flu was confirmed in Spain.

The UN has warned the virus has the potential to become a pandemic, but said the world was better prepared than ever to deal with the threat.

Stocks of anti-viral medicines are being readied and travellers are being screened at some airports for symptoms.

Mexican Health Secretary Jose Angel Cordova said suspected swine flu cases in his country had risen to 1,614.
   
SWINE FLU
Swine flu is a respiratory disease thought to spread through coughing and sneezing
Symptoms mimic those of normal flu - but in Mexico more than 100 people have died
Good hygiene like using a tissue and washing hands thoroughly can help reduce transmission

'I couldn't get out of bed'
Q&A: Swine flu
In pictures: Swine flu

Of the 103 deaths in Mexico, only 20 are so far confirmed to have been caused by the new virus.

A public health emergency has been declared in the US, where 20 people are confirmed to have caught the virus.

There are also six confirmed cases in Canada and one in Spain, where at least 17 other people are being tested for the virus.

Investigations are being carried out on possible cases in five other countries.

In most cases outside Mexico, people have been only mildly ill and have made a full recovery.

See map showing confirmed and suspected cases

In other developments:

Tests are also being carried out on individuals or groups in New Zealand, Australia, Brazil, Britain and Israel who fell ill following travel to Mexico

World Health Organization (WHO) experts will meet in Geneva on Tuesday to discuss whether to raise the pandemic alert level

The European Commission also said it was calling an urgent meeting of health ministers to discuss the situation
     Vigilance urged

The WHO - the UN's health agency - has said the swine flu virus could be capable of mutating into a more dangerous strain. But officials say they need more information on the virus to determine the threat it poses.

Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO's assistant director-general in charge of health security, said all countries were "looking at this situation very seriously".

But officials say they need more information on the virus to determine the threat it poses.

Dr Keiji Fukuda, WHO's assistant director-general in charge of health security, said all countries were "looking at this situation very seriously".

"But it's also clear that we are in a period in which the picture is evolving... [and that] we have to be very careful to collect the best possible information," he said.

The WHO is advising all countries to be vigilant for seasonally unusual flu or pneumonia-like symptoms among their populations - particularly among young healthy adults, a characteristic of past pandemics.

Most of those who have died so far in Mexico were young adults.

The H1N1 virus is the same strain that causes seasonal flu outbreaks in humans but the newly detected version contains genetic material from versions of flu which usually affect pigs and birds.

There is currently no vaccine for the new strain, but severe cases can be treated with antiviral medication. Dr Fukuda said years of preparing for bird flu had boosted world stocks of anti-virals.

Widespread cases

In the US, eight cases have been confirmed among New York students, seven in California, two in Texas, two in Kansas and one in Ohio.
   
FLU PANDEMICS
1918: The Spanish flu pandemic remains the most devastating outbreak of modern times - infecting up to 40% of the world's population and killing more than 50m people, with young adults particularly badly affected
1957: Asian flu killed two million people. Caused by a human form of the virus, H2N2, combining with a mutated strain found in wild ducks. The elderly were particularly vulnerable
1968: An outbreak first detected in Hong Kong, and caused by a strain known as H3N2, killed up to one million people globally, with those over 65 most likely to die

"I do fear that we will have deaths," Dr Anne Schuchat of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) told reporters.

The Canadian cases were recorded at opposite ends of the country: two in British Columbia in the west, and four in the Atlantic province of Nova Scotia.

In Spain, a young man who had recently returned from Mexico was found to have the virus. He was said to be in a stable condition.

A number of countries in Asia, Latin America and Europe have begun screening airport passengers for symptoms.

Russia, China and Thailand have banned imports of raw pork and pork products from Mexico and parts of the US. But Dr Fukuda said that there was no evidence to link exposure to pork with infection.

In the Mexican capital, schools, bars and public buildings remain closed and many people are choosing to stay indoors.

Some people are beginning to worry about the effects swine flu is having on their livelihoods and the Mexican economy in general.

Fear of the virus is expected to lead to many tourists cancelling their holidays and Mexican exports are already beginning to be affected.

Mexico: 103 dead - 20 confirmed to have died from swine flu, 18 confirmed ill with swine flu
United States: 20 confirmed cases of swine flu
Canada: 6 confirmed cases
Spain: 1 confirmed case, 17 others being investigated
UK, Israel, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand: suspected cases being tested. Suspected cases in France tested negative





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Offline anaRCHy

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #1 on: April 27, 2009, 07:55:17 PM »
Arko virus feri. Its becoming scary yaar.

Offline basjan

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #2 on: April 28, 2009, 02:10:17 AM »
Thanks for the information. It is scary, I hope they found a cure for it soon before more people die.

Offline ангел

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WHO raises swine flu alert level
« Reply #3 on: April 28, 2009, 04:06:48 PM »
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has raised its pandemic alert for swine flu by one level, just two steps short of declaring a full-scale pandemic.


Countries across the world are acting to halt the spread of the deadly virus [Reuters]

Following talks in Geneva on Monday, the UN body announced that the alert over the flu, which is suspected of having killed more than 149 people in Mexico, had been raised to "phase four".
The alert level means the WHO believes the new strain of the H1N1 virus can be transmitted between humans to cause community-level outbreaks, but that it can still be contained before becoming a pandemic.
"A pandemic is not considered inevitable at this time," Keiji Fukuda, the WHO's assistant director-general, said.
"The situation is fluid and the situation continues to evolve."

Ban Ki-moon, the UN secretary general, said on Monday he was "concerned that this virus could cause a new influenza pandemic".
"We don't know yet which way it will go, but we are concerned that in Mexico most of those who died were young and healthy adults."
The United Nations' food agency on Tuesday said it was sending animal health experts to Mexico to check if the new strain of flu virus widely described as swine flu was really directly linked to pigs.
"So far evidence that the new strain of influenza A virus has entered the human population directly from pigs has not been established," the Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said.

Virus spreads

Besides Mexico, swine flu cases have been reported in the United States, Canada, Europe, New Zealand and Israel.
Israeli radio on Tuesday confirmed that a man returning from Mexico had contracted the virus and was hospitalised.
New Zealand's government on Tuesday confirmed three cases.
The US has confirmed 44 cases, with 20 new cases from a New York school where students had returned from a school trip.
Two students at a school in California on Monday were confirmed to have swine flu, health officials said, bringing to 13 the number of known cases in the state.

Richard Fielding, a clinical psychologist in public health at the University of Hong Kong told Al Jazeera: "Concern is warranted at this stage but panic is not.
"The media have a role. One sees it [swine flu] described as a 'deadly influenza epidemic'. I think balanced reporting is important.

In the UK, authorities said two people in Scotland had tested positive for swine flu infection and were being treated in isolation in a hospital near Glasgow, although both were said to be "recovering well".

Australian health authorities said they were investigating 17 possible cases of swine flu on Tuesday.

Chile reported eight possible cases of swine flu on Monday, officials said.

"It is most likely that the tests ... will come back negative," Ricardo Quezada, director of a Santiago hospital where four of the suspect cases are being investigated, said.

Only Mexico has reported deaths from the virus.

High alert

Countries across the world are acting to halt the spread of the new strain, apparently a mix of viruses that affect humans, pigs and birds.
Airlines flying in and out of Mexico's international airport have started to check passengers for symptoms, and many are wearing masks on board.
Some airlines flying out of the US are also issuing face masks.
Mexico has closed all its schools until May 6.
The US government has declared a public health emergency and is advising against non-essential travel to Mexico, a call echoed by Androulla Vassiliou, the European Union's health chief.
"I would try to avoid non-essential travel to the areas which are reported to be in the centre of the cluster," Vassiliou said on Monday.
Vassiliou did not mention the US, and a senior US health official said he believed it was "premature" to urge people not to travel to the US.
Richard Besser, acting director of the US centre for disease control and prevention, said there had been only one hospitalisation for swine flu in the US that officials knew about.
Barack Obama, the US president, said that officials were monitoring cases.
"This is obviously a cause for concern and requires a heightened state of alert. But it is not a cause for alarm," he said.

Preventative measures

People are also being tested in France, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland. Other suspected cases are being investigated in Brazil, and South Korea.

Quote
Swine flu: At a glance


> Deaths: At least 20 confirmed, 149 now suspected in Mexico

> Sickened: 1,614 suspected or confirmed in Mexico, 44 confirmed in US, six confirmed in Canada; two in UK, suspected cases in Chile, New Zealand, South Korea, Australia, Spain, Brazil, France and Israel

> Safety measures in Mexico: Schools closed until May 6, surgical masks given to train passengers, public events cancelled

> Safety measures worldwide: Airports screening of travellers from Mexico for flu symptoms

> Stocks of influenza medication increased in Europe, North America and the Middle East

> Several countries including US and EU issue travel advisories for Mexico

> Countries with partial or total bans on pork imports as a consequence of swine flu: China, Indonesia, Lebanon, Russia, Thailand, and Ukraine.

Russia, Hong Kong and Taiwan have said travellers returning from flu-affected areas who display symptoms will be quarantined.
Several countries have banned imports of pork and pork products from Mexico and the three US states reporting cases of swine flu, although scientists say the disease cannot be contracted by eating pork.
Despite the raised alert level, the WHO has recommended that countries do not close their borders or restrict travel.
Should swine flu escalate into a pandemic, the world is thought to be better prepared to cope with it than it has been with other viruses.
After the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) in 2003, which killed nearly 800 people, and amid regular reported cases of bird flu, countries have stepped up preparations against a pandemic, including stockpiling anti-viral drugs.
Worldwide, seasonal flu kills between 250,000 and 500,000 people in an average year. The new strain is worrying as it spreads rapidly between humans and there is no vaccine for it.
Most of the swine flu fatalities were aged between 20 and 50. A hallmark of past pandemics has been the high rate of fatalities among young adults.
The World Organisation for Animal Health says the virus is a mix of avian, swine and human viruses and has not been isolated in animals yet. It has recommended the name "North American influenza" instead of swine flu.

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Offline anaRCHy

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Re: WHO raises swine flu alert level
« Reply #4 on: April 28, 2009, 09:28:11 PM »
Yo mexican flu ko post sabai eautai thaau maa rakhda huncha ni hau, chutai chuttai topic nakholauna. Yeutai maa garau Ke. Ani update gardai garnu hai.

Offline ангел

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #5 on: April 28, 2009, 10:18:34 PM »
aba uk ma aauen re
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Offline anaRCHy

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #6 on: April 28, 2009, 10:19:39 PM »
Yeah, tara ahile samma Scotland maa matra case bheteko cha.

Offline ангел

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #7 on: April 28, 2009, 10:22:47 PM »
scot bata uk ta kati far cha ra...?..aba chito nai aaucha hola bhandi thiyo 24 le
It Only Takes a Few Seconds To Hurt people You Love & It Can Take Years To Heal

Offline anaRCHy

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #8 on: April 28, 2009, 10:24:14 PM »
Kasto 24 ?  Ramro sanga bhanana hau, ke bhancha bhancha yaar.

Offline ангел

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #9 on: April 28, 2009, 10:25:58 PM »
heheh 24hr news le bhaneko hau..bujhana testo budhuu pani chainu timi?
It Only Takes a Few Seconds To Hurt people You Love & It Can Take Years To Heal

Offline anaRCHy

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #10 on: April 28, 2009, 10:27:29 PM »
Malai thaha thiyena hau 24hr news channel ni cha bhanera.

Offline ангел

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #11 on: April 28, 2009, 10:29:24 PM »
BBC 24hr chhaina kale chorni
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Offline anaRCHy

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #12 on: April 28, 2009, 10:31:02 PM »
Aeh, mailey tah aru kunai hola bhan thani raa vanya. La dherai off-topic nagarau hai yesto serious topic maa.

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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #13 on: April 28, 2009, 10:31:30 PM »
:mare: huss.....aade manchee
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Re: World moves to contain flu spread
« Reply #14 on: May 01, 2009, 05:17:19 AM »
EU warns against swine flu panic

Three new confirmed cases of swine flu have been diagnosed in the UK, bringing the total number to eight, the Department of Health has said.

Two of the cases are in London and one in Newcastle. All are said to be responding well to treatment.

Earlier, the government's chief medical adviser warned Britain will see "many, many more cases" of swine flu, although he said most people would recover.

In total, 230 possible flu cases are being investigated in the UK.

The figures include 27 "possible" and one "probable" case in Scotland, according to Scottish Health Secretary Nicola Sturgeon.
   
We are trying to contain it at that level, and we are still succeeding with that. But it is very important that we prepare for that next phase.
Health Secretary Alan Johnson

She said one patient waiting to hear whether he has swine flu had been in contact with a Falkirk couple who brought the virus back from Mexico.

Ms Sturgeon said: "If this case was confirmed it would be the first case in Scotland of onward transmission, but I stress it's not confirmed at this stage."

There are so far no confirmed swine flu cases in Wales, although 19 people have been tested for the virus.

Six people in Northern Ireland have also been given anti-viral drugs as a precaution, but none of them has tested positive either.

But on Thursday, Irish health chiefs said one man had tested positive for swine flu - the Republic's first.

Despite advice from the World Health Organization that governments should activate their pandemic contingency plans, UK health experts continued to play down the effects of the virus.

More vulnerable

Chief medical adviser Sir Liam Donaldson told the BBC the UK was well prepared for the spread of swine flu and that he was "concerned, but not alarmed" about the situation.
UK flu map

He said: "What we will see is many, many more cases, and inevitably some serious cases - but on the whole people make a good recovery from flu."

It was impossible to predict how many deaths there could be in the UK until more was known about the strain of the swine flu virus, he said.

Certain groups would be more vulnerable than others, such as the elderly and very frail, he added.

Sir Liam's reassurances were backed by the news that all British flu cases so far diagnosed are thought to have responded well to treatment.

And the Scottish case notwithstanding, so far the virus does not appear to have spread beyond people who picked it up in Mexico.

The student housemates of the Newcastle patient have been treated with anti-viral drugs, but have so far shown no flu symptoms, said the Registrar of Newcastle University, Dr John Hogan.

BBC correspondent Chris Stewart said he understood four other close contacts of the patient - thought to be a woman - had also received anti-viral drugs.

The patient herself had responded well to treatment and was now at home, he said.

   
CONFIRMED & SUSPECTED CASES
Mexico: 168 suspected deaths - eight confirmed
US: one death, at least 109 confirmed cases
New Zealand: 3 confirmed, 13 probable cases
Canada: 19 confirmed cases
UK: 8 confirmed cases
Spain: 10 confirmed cases
Germany: 3 confirmed cases
Israel, Costa Rica: 2 confirmed cases each
The Netherland, Switzerland, Austria, Peru: 1 confirmed case each

How the UK is trying to contain flu
Swine flu couple leave hospital
Mapping the outbreak
Life at centre of the outbreak
Swine flu: Your experiences

An NHS spokesman said the two new swine flu cases in London - a 23-year-old man from Islington and a 29-year-old man from Westminster - were also being successfully treated at home.

Earlier, Sir Liam had ruled out screening all British travellers returning from Mexico, saying it was more important to "concentrate the public health attention" on those showing symptoms.

Health Secretary Alan Johnson said UK health authorities were doing all they could to contain the virus, but were making preparations in case it spread.

"We are trying to contain it at that level, and we are still succeeding with that. But it is very important that we prepare for that next phase," Mr Johnson said.

In Devon, health experts are attempting to contain a flu outbreak by shutting a school attended by Britain's youngest swine flu patient - a 12-year-old girl.

Paignton Community College will remain shut until 11 May. Year seven students have been given anti-viral drugs.

Other precautions against an epidemic were revealed by Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

He told MPs they included enhanced airport checks, an expansion of anti-viral stocks from 35 million to 50 million by the end of May, extra face masks and information leaflets for every family.

Supplies of antibiotics are to be increased to deal with any complications arising as a result of flu infections, he said.
   
SWINE FLU ADVICE
Man blowing nose
Use clean tissues when you cough or sneeze
Bin tissues after use
Wash hands with soap, hot water or gel

NHS: Important Information About Swine Flu [118 KB]
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Download the reader here

NHS Direct has taken thousands of calls about swine flu this week, while daily visits to its website have reached 85,000, compared with about 55,000 a week earlier.

An advertising campaign to help prevent the spread of the virus has also been launched.

The Department of Health's Catch it, Bin it, Kill it! adverts urge people to cover coughs and sneezes with tissues, throw them away and wash their hands.

Meanwhile, hundreds of British tourists are flying home on special charter flights from Mexico, where the outbreak started.

Mexico shuts down to control flu
 An NHS worker has become the first person in the UK to contract swine flu without having visited Mexico, tests have confirmed.

Clerical worker Graeme Pacitti, 24, picked up the virus after contact with newly-weds Iain and Dawn Askham, the Scottish government said.

The couple, of Polmont, near Falkirk, were the first UK cases.

Meanwhile, the Health Protection Agency has confirmed a 10th UK case of the virus in Merseyside.

The person involved had recently returned from Mexico.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) says there are now more than 300 confirmed cases of swine flu, which has been reported in 14 countries across three continents.
UK flu map

In Mexico, 168 deaths have been linked to swine flu and the government has confirmed 12 were attributable to the virus. Another person has died in the US.

A total of 642 possible cases are being investigated in the UK.

The Askhams believe they caught the virus on a flight back from their honeymoon in Cancun, Mexico, during which other passengers were coughing and sneezing.

They were treated for five nights in separate isolation rooms at Monklands Hospital, Airdrie, before being allowed home on Thursday.

Mr Pacitti, a friend of Mr Askham who plays in the same six-a-side football team, said he had been given the anti-viral drug Tamiflu as a precaution after meeting him in a pub.

He is confined to home but told the BBC by mobile phone he was "really disappointed" to find out he had contracted swine flu on Friday.

"Today I started to feel better than I have done all week. I'm quite gutted.

"It started last Saturday when I started to feel like I had an upset stomach. From then my throat began to get sore.

"The worst was when I started to get headaches and feel quite feverish."
Iain and Dawn Askham
Iain and Dawn Askham tested positive after their honeymoon in Mexico

His case represents the first of onward transmission of the virus within the UK. It has already happened in the US, Canada, Spain and Germany.

Scottish Health Secretary Nicola Sturgeon said the person-to-person transfer was a "significant development" but that risk to public health remained low.

"It is concerning but I have to stress that it doesn't mean there's more reason for people to worry," she said.

"We are still very much in the containment phase of this infection.

"Because of the approach we have taken, this person has been treated and considered positive long before we had the test results."

The latest Britons to return from Mexico, about 300 people on a scheduled Thomas Cook flight, arrived at Gatwick on Friday morning.

Passengers told the BBC no one's temperature was taken - which differed from the screening process in the Mexican resort of Cancun.

However, government action plans for dealing with possible pandemics make clear there would be no screening at borders because it would not pick up people without symptoms who might develop them later.
   
CONFIRMED & SUSPECTED CASES
Mexico: 168 suspected deaths, 12 confirmed
US: one death, at least 109 confirmed cases
New Zealand: 4 confirmed, 12 probable cases
Canada: 34 confirmed cases
Spain: 13 confirmed cases
UK: 10 confirmed cases
Germany: 4 confirmed cases
Israel, Costa Rica: 2 confirmed cases each
The Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Hong Kong: 1 confirmed case each

How the UK is trying to contain flu
Mapping the outbreak
Swine flu: Your experiences

Of the 10 UK cases confirmed so far, three are in London. There has been one each in Merseyside, Newcastle upon Tyne and Redditch, Worcestershire, and a 12-year-old girl has tested positive in Paignton, Devon.

All of those diagnosed are thought to have responded well to treatment.

Dr Alan McNally, senior lecturer and influenza diagnostics researcher at Nottingham Trent University, downplayed the significance of Mr Pacitti's case.

"We know that [the flu] is transmitted from human to human, it has happened in other parts of the world and we know it will happen here."

The WHO has set its pandemic alert level at five - but says it has no immediate plans to move to the highest level of six.

Prime Minster Gordon Brown said the UK was in a good position to cope with swine flu as he visited an NHS Direct centre in Beckenham, south-east London.

Quick treatment

"There will be more cases, but at the same time it is treatable," he said.

"If we can get to people quickly, we can trace their contacts and if we can give those affected Tamiflu [anti-viral drug], then we can avoid the problems that we see in some of the other countries."

Gordon Brown: 'It is treatable'

Chief Medical Officer for England, Sir Liam Donaldson, has said it is impossible to predict how many deaths there could be in the UK until more was known about the virus strain.

BBC News health correspondent Jane Hughes says the spread of the virus might not take off until the autumn and the winter when people's resistance is lower.

Some 29 suspected cases are being investigated in Scotland, along with 20 in Wales where another 16 possible cases have been ruled out.

Six people in Northern Ireland have also been given anti-viral drugs as a precaution, but none have tested positive.

On Thursday, health chiefs in the Irish Republic said one man had tested positive for swine flu - its first case.
   
SWINE FLU ADVICE

Use clean tissues when you cough or sneeze

Bin tissues after use
Wash hands with soap, hot water or gel

NHS: Important Information About Swine Flu [118 KB]
Most computers will open this document automatically, but you may need Adobe Reader
Download the reader here

Precautions being taken in the UK include an expansion of anti-viral stocks from 35 million to 50 million by the end of May, the ordering of extra face masks and delivery of information leaflets for every family.

Supplies of antibiotics are to be increased to deal with any complications arising as a result of flu infections.

An advertising campaign to help prevent the spread of the virus has also been launched.

The Department of Health's Catch it, Bin it, Kill it! adverts urge people to cover coughs and sneezes with tissues, throw them away and wash their hands.



« Last Edit: May 01, 2009, 09:58:10 PM by ангел »
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